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Vegetable Knife vs Chef Knife: What’s the Difference?

Isn’t chef knife and vegetable knife the same thing? Many may be wondering what exactly set the two kinds apart, well, they are quite different in the world of culinary.

Vegetable knives and chef knives vary in many ways. Their designs, blades, functions, and even the techniques used are different. Knowing the difference can help you cut down on food preparation time and even allow you to try out new techniques.

But before we get into their differences, we’ll talk about both of these types of knives in detail first as it’s important to know the basics. Without further ado, let’s get started.

What is a vegetable knife

what is a vegetable knife
  • Definition: A vegetable knife is a knife that is mainly or even exclusively used to cut vegetables.
  • Function: It is used for cutting, chopping, slicing, and dicing vegetables of all sizes, big or small.
  • Blade: Typically, it has a broad blade with a square tip. It may also have dimples along the side to prevent vegetables from sticking to it. 
  • Pros & Cons: Refer to the table below.
Makes preparing vegetables much more efficient and fasterLimited functionality (can only cut vegetables)
Indispensable tool for vegetarian/vegan cooks and veggie loversNot as useful as the chef’s knife 

Who the vegetable knife is for

This depends on what food you prepare regularly. A vegetable knife may not be your first priority if you usually cook steak or fish and rarely prepare vegetables. However, the following groups of people would benefit from having a vegetable knife the most:

  • Vegetarians or vegan cooks
  • Those who regularly prepare soup and stew 
  • Those who regularly prepare vegetables

Different types of vegetable knives

There are also many different kinds of vegetable knives. All these knives are designed to chop different vegetables in the most efficient way possible.

We’ll be introducing three commonly used vegetable knives to you — the Nakiri knife, the Usuba knife, and the Western-styled vegetable knife.


As you might be able to tell from the name, the Nakiri knife is a Japanese vegetable knife. Its full name is “Nakiri bocho” in Japanese, and it means “knife for cutting greens”. It has a distinct squared shape and a straight edge, and it usually has a double bevel.

The Nakiri knife’s specialty is in cutting and shredding larger vegetables like sweet potatoes and lettuce. It can also handle delicate veggies well. The broad blade helps to protect your knuckles from being knocked against the cutting board when you’re chopping food. 


Usuba cutting

The Usuba knife is another Japanese vegetable knife. Its full name “Usuba bocho” is translated to mean “thin knife”. It has a flat edge and often a single bevel. The thinness of its blade ensures the precision of its slices which is why professional Japanese chefs often use the Usuba to make specialized cuts.

There are two main variations when it comes to the Usuba knife. They are known as the Edo-Usuba and the Kamagata Usuba. The first one has a square blunt tip while the other one has a pointed tip.

The Usuba is ideal for cutting vegetables that are served raw because its thin, sharp blade can create cuts resulting in very minimal cell damage. This minimizes oxidation and hence discoloration and change in flavor. The Usuba can also be used for preparing larger vegetables like cabbages and making thin slices.

Western style vegetable knives

Western style vegetable knives include the paring knife and the chef knife. These two kitchen knives are commonly used to cut vegetables. 

A paring knife is a small, short-bladed knife used to do intricate cuts and for peeling, mincing, and dicing vegetables. Its sharp blade is ideal for cutting and peeling vegetables and for deseeding fruits. It is also great for slicing herbs. 

A chef knife can also be used to prepare vegetables. It can chop, slice, and dice big and small vegetables. However, this is not its only function as it can also prepare other ingredients such as meat. We will learn more about the chef knife in this next section.

What is a chef knife

chef knife cutting

Now that you know all you need to know about vegetable knives, it’s time to introduce you to the chef knife! 

  • Definition: A chef knife is a multi-purpose versatile knife that will allow you to cut meat, fish, vegetables, and almost anything else.
  • Function: It is used for cutting meat, disjointing large cuts, dicing vegetables, chopping nuts, preparing herbs, and more.
  • Blade: It has a broad, curved blade with a pointed tip.
  • Pros & Cons: Refer to the table below.
Can be used to cut almost everything.May not be able to perform specialized cuts as well as a specialized knife.
Useful and indispensable tool for every cook.Not ideal for delicate, precision cutting such as deboning fish.

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Who the chef knife is for

A chef knife is an all-rounder just like the santoku knife and the utility knife. Anyone can benefit from using chef knives as they are the most versatile knives that can perform almost any cutting task. As a general rule, the following groups of people are likely to reap the most benefits from using a chef knife.

  • Those who rarely do precision cutting
  • Those who regularly prepare a wide variety of food
  • Those who want a versatile knife that can prepare most ingredients.

Vegetable knife vs chef knife

Now that you understand what a vegetable knife and a chef knife are, we can now go into their differences. We’ll be examining their differences in these various aspects: design, blade, function, and techniques to be used on food.


A vegetable knife is generally designed to have a broad and squared shape as seen from the Nakiri and Usuba knives. The flat edge helps it to chop vegetables more easily and with less effort.

A chef knife will have a more triangular shape instead of being squared. This makes it more versatile, allowing you to cut all ingredients as efficiently as possible.


A vegetable knife has a thinner blade to allow vegetables to be cut without being cracked. It also has a straight blade with a square tip so that it can chop vegetables while minimizing the rocking of the blade.

A chef knife has a thicker blade so that it can slice through more than just vegetables. It also has a curved blade with a pointed tip to allow it to be more effective in cutting harder ingredients such as meat.


A vegetable knife specializes in preparing vegetables. It can cut and shred vegetables of any size. 

A chef knife is more versatile and can handle any cutting task be it cutting meat, slicing vegetables, or dicing nuts.

Techniques on food

A vegetable knife is used to cut, shred, and dice vegetables. It can also be used for making vegetable ribbons to use as garnish.

A chef knife can be used to pull off a wide variety of techniques on different ingredients. It can chop meat, slice fish, mince vegetables, dice nuts, and more. However, it is not as effective in doing specialized cuts or precision cutting. It is best used for general cutting tasks.

Should I get a vegetable knife or a chef knife

Both vegetable knives and chef knives have their functions and uses in the kitchen. It all depends on which one satisfies the needs of your family more. If you’re still uncertain on which one to buy at this point, here are some questions you can ask yourself.

  • What does your diet mainly consist of? 
  • Do you need to do specialized vegetable cuts?
  • Do you pride versatility in a knife or do you prefer having specialized knives?

As a general rule, most cooks own a chef knife while a vegetable knife is considered good to have but not necessary. However, it all still depends on your needs and the needs of those you are preparing food for. For example, chefs working in a vegan restaurant would most likely use vegetable knives a lot as well as cooks who are on a vegetarian diet.

Differences between meat knives and vegetable knives

Differences between meat knives and vegetable knives

Meat knives are knives that specialize in slicing and cutting meat while vegetable knives specialize in preparing vegetables. We’ll be going into their general differences so you know what to expect.


A meat-oriented knife generally has a long, rectangular shape. This is to maximize its surface area so that it can slice into larger cuts of meat more efficiently.

A vegetable-oriented knife has a broad, squared shape. The flat edge helps it to chop bigger vegetables more easily.


A meat-oriented knife has a thicker and longer blade so that it can provide a more steady grip. Its blade is also curved with a pointed tip. This helps it slice into the meat cleanly and easily.

A vegetable-oriented knife has a thinner and shorter blade as it takes less strength to cut vegetables compared to meat. Its blade is straight with a square tip to allow the knife to cut the vegetables in one shift chopping motion.


A meat-oriented knife specializes in preparing meat such as cutting and slicing them.

A vegetable-oriented knife specializes in preparing vegetables such as cutting and shredding them.

Techniques on Food

A meat-oriented knife can slice and carve thin cuts of meat such as chicken, beef, and fish. It can also trim the fat off ribs and break down large cuts of meat.

A vegetable-oriented knife is used to cut, shred, and dice vegetables. It can also be used for making vegetable ribbons to use as garnish.

Should I get a meat knife or a vegetable knife

This simple question can be answered by asking yourself whether your family prepares meat or vegetables most frequently. You can also buy an all-rounder knife like the santoku knife if you can’t decide!

However, you should also think of whether any intricate work is required. For example, if you want a knife that will be mainly used for peeling vegetables, you would likely get a paring knife and not a Nakiri. 


Hopefully, this information has helped you learn more about vegetable knives and chef knives! Both knives have their uses and can be considered indispensable to different chefs. There are also many different variations of those knives you can consider buying.

It’s also important to know exactly what you’d like to use each knife for before you buy it. This starts with knowing what food you usually prepare and the needs of you and your family.

Sometimes you know exactly which knife to get while other times you may not know which knife to buy immediately.

Either way, the most important thing is to figure out what kind of chef you want to be and have fun on your cooking journey! After all, a knife is only as good as the chef is!

Lastly, do check out our store if you’re looking to buy some chef knives! We sell handmade kitchen knives that are handcrafted to last.

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